Subject Area: Business & Commerce

An Analysis of the Ethnic and Gender Gaps in the Federal Career Senior Executive Service: The Underrepresentation of Minorities and Women (1995-2006)
2013 0-7734-4338-X
This book offers a revealing synopsis of the attempts of the SES to diversify its membership at a time when the possibility of historic gains in racial and gender equality are very much possible. It investigates the gender and racial bias and the progress that America is making to eliminate a very sordid history of recruitment practices and the selection of SES members.

This work is a significant contribution that will strengthen the body of knowledge in which recruitment selection, and placement of minorities and women in upper management positions fill a critical void in the 21st Century America at the Federal level, and government and the private sector in general.

Brain Science of Business Management: Basic Ideas of Behavioral and Cognitive Economics
2016 1-4955-0464-6
Behavioral economy is an emerging field. This book gives a psychological insight into several areas in the field of economy, management and business administration by entwining it with the field of brain science. This approach will help the reader to look at brand new ways of doing business and managing companies, preparing a production team, organizing projects and implementing business ventures in the competitive economic and financial business landscapes of today.

British Sea-Captain Alexander Hamilton’s New Account of the East Indies (17th-18th Century)
2002 0-7734-7212-6
This is a new edition of one of the most important accounts of the Indian Ocean and Asia during the late 17th century. It is heavily annotated with hundreds of footnotes, and completely indexed. Since its first publication in Scotland and England ( in 1727 and 1744, respectively), it has only been republished once, in a limited edition in 1930. It is a fascinating insight into the life of a Scottish seafarer, and an extraordinary history of southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, and other areas. Hamilton was an eye-witness to wars, pirate attacks, scheming English and Asian profiteers, and imprisonment. This edition is taken from the original text of the 1727 edition. Footnotes assist clarification of minor points of history and obsolete terms or names. A Glossary of place names updating Hamilton’s phonetic version to a current nomenclature is given at the end of the text.

Business of Exercise Physiology
2012 0-7734-1575-0
This book contains the information that Board Certified Exercise Physiologists need to start and manage a profitable healthcare business. In addition to helping physiologists understand what it takes to start a business, the book also addresses the importance of a business plan. The more information that exercise physiologists have at the beginning, the more likely they are going to be successful. The idea is to identify what is needed as an entrepreneur to get started and how to be successful at growing your own business. This book is a declaration of intent and permission to “just do it.”

Changes and Expansion in the English Cloth Trade in the Seventeenth Century Alderman Cockayne’s Project
2002 0-7734-7093-X


Chinese Bureaucratic Culture and Its Influence on the 19th-Century Steamship Operation, 1864-1885 the Bureau for Recruiting Merchants
2002 0-7734-7321-1
Built on a case study of the experience of the Chinese Steamship Bureau, this work questions the current paradigms in approaching the role of the Chinese state in the late imperial period. Furthermore, it provides a reassessment of the nature and spectrum of state power and its resilience in adapting to the new social environment in the crisis-ridden 19th century.

Chinese Capitalists versus the American Flour Industry, 1890-1910: Profit and Patriotism in International Trade
2005 0-7734-6040-3
At the turn of the twentieth century, American and Chinese millers were locked in a fiercely contested battle for control of China’s urban flour market that both sides considered crucial to their nation’s future. For Americans, Chinese markets were vital to continued commercial expansion and ultimately, the power, prestige and security of the United States. For Chinese, defending their markets against foreign imports, influence and intervention was essential to preserving their commercial integrity and China’s national sovereignty. This study analyzes the dynamics of this commercial conflict from a perspective essential to the advancement of Chinese business studies, redirecting research in the field from the current China-centered approach to a China-global context. It contextualizes the flour trade through analysis of global factors—political as well as economic—influencing the competitive marketing of domestic and imported commodities. This broader view provides a more balanced, comprehensive examination of late Qing business history and the role played by international trade in the development of import-substitution industrialization. Countering previous failure-based studies of Chinese industrialization, this study highlights the complex relationship between Chinese capitalists and the government, which stimulated successful private industrial development in late imperial China. Analysis of China’s flour milling industry also provides insight into the contemporary capitalist-state alliance that has spurred the nation’s dynamic commercial growth since the 1980s.

Coffee Farmers Revolt in Southern Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s
2002 0-7734-7197-9
This study examines the struggles of small coffee farmers for control over their livelihoods in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. The Zapatista rebellion of 1994, and this movement’s ongoing demands for justice focused the world’s attention on the plight of Mexico’s indigenous poor.

Conflicts of Property Rights of Land in Brazil: The Moral Economy of carioca tenancies
2015 1-4955-0416-6
This research examines the major process of expropriation underlying the creation of private property. It reveals that the wave of expropriation was not entirely an external force affecting defenseless individuals but rather there was willing participation and action by members of the affected community to initiate change in property rights and ownership.

Consistent Incorporation of Professional Terminologies Into the World’s Languages: The Linguistic Engine of a Global Culture
2010 0-7734-1313-8
The 17 case studies presented in this volume show the increasing need for foreign language programs in a global society. The work advocates for a combination of foreign language studies with career oriented disciplinary studies.The volume explores resources, curricular models and methods, assessment and examples of successfully integrated language and content education.

Did Japan Surrender Unconditionally? An Explanation of the Sucess that Japan Achieved at the End of the Second World War
2012 0-7734-3055-5
The book describes the severe consequences of going after an ‘unconditional surrender’ during WWII. Instead of intimidating the enemies, it infuriated them, and created an insurgent effect and ill-will that made picking up the pieces after the war all the more difficult. Whether or not Japan actually agreed to an unconditional surrender is contested in this book, precisely because Japanese leaders did not want to completely submit to outside influence after the war in a “Super Versailles” like scenario that would hold back progress indefinitely.

East India Company and the Provinces in the Eighteenth Century
1999 0-7734-8201-6
The volumes draw on exhaustive study of the Company’s voluminous archive and upon the holdings of two dozen other repositories. Archives throughout England, the Orkney Islands, the Channel Islands, the Netherlands, the Isle of Man, Denmark, Sweden and the USA were consulted. For the first time, the provincial impact of England’s largest, most powerful, caring and successful of commercial undertakings will be assessed in full context. This volume, the first in a trilogy, fills a gap of information by examining the East India Company’s relationship with, and impact upon the mighty military and naval town of Portsmouth, considering local, regional, national and international developments during the crucial period 1700-1815.

Econometric and Forecasting Models
2013 0-7734-4496-3
This book is an interdisciplinary compilation of articles written by various professors and practitioners working in the general area of economics, forecasting and allied fields. A diverse range of interesting articles, such as, tourism, outsourcing, unemployment, inflation, housing prices, infectious disease control, provide the reader a unique perspective about the existing research on that topic, using quantitative methods.

End of Economic Growth: What Does It Mean for American Society?
2009 0-7734-4668-0
This work examines the intersection between economics and social philosophy. It takes its impetus from the economic events of 2008-2009 which deeply affected the destiny of both the United States and the rest of the world. While the political establishment of most of the major powers see the ensuing economic recession as a particulate event soon to be overcome, many thinkers view what has transpired both economically and socially as a major break in the optimistic growth vision of a world civilization, given the regnant political, social, and, most important, ideological perspectives for the future of humankind.

Federal Reserve and the Bull Markets
2006 0-7734-5784-4
Description: This book presents discussion and analysis of the Federal Reserve’s involvement with the equity markets, with emphasis on the three major bull markets of the past century. Three chapters link equity market activity during the 1920s, 1960s and 1990s with the monetary policies of Benjamin Strong, William McChesney Martin Jr., and Alan Greenspan, respectively. The extensive use of original sources provides a description of policy dilemmas in the words of the Fed leaders themselves. A fourth chapter provides an empirical assessment of the Fed’s response to equity market developments over the three periods. In composite, the work, employing qualitative and quantitative methodology, delivers description and assessment of one of the most intriguing issues of contemporary monetary policy: the linkages that tie Federal Reserve actions to stock market activity.

Hawaii, America’s Sugar Territory 1898-1959
1999 0-7734-7998-8
This study is a definitive text on Hawaii's territorial period, relying primarily on archival materials. It stresses the Territory's importance to West Coast defense and the islands' unique sugar and pineapple economy dependence upon support by the federal government. It also examines how local problems such as land ownership and racial diversity, often created bitter dissension.

Henry Ford’s Project in Human Engineering: The Sociological Department of the Ford Motor Company (1913-1941)
2015 0-7734-0911-4
A clear and well documented work that studies the influence of a corporation’s attempt to transform the social and cultural identities of its newly arriving immigrant workforce in order to create an homogenized American working-class through the practice of ‘social / human engineering’. These corporate policies had far reaching implications in the development of class, race, ethnic and gender relations in America.


History of the Macadamia Nut Industry in Hawai'i 1881-1981. From Bush Nut to Gourmet's Delight
1995 0-7734-9097-3
This study utilizes source materials in an unusual way. Traditional archival materials (documents, letters, journals and business records) do not reveal the entire story concerning the macadamia nut industry. Although these and publications by the Hawai'i Agricultural Experiment Station and the College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources at the University of Hawai'i are used extensively, this study also relies on newspaper reports and oral interviews to bring all the dimensions regarding the commercial development of the industry to the reader's attention.

History of Usury Viewed From Silvio Gesell's natural Economic Order: The Millennial War Between Money Commodity the Mistress, Against Money Medium of Exchange the Servant, of the Economy
2014 0-7734-4493-5
Readers who have appreciated Gesell's Natural Economic Order will find in this study further reasons for continued intellectual enjoyment. Usury is the most effective form of global power in that it controls the money of a country.


Impact of Globalization on the American Southwest
2006 0-7734-5701-1
The impact of globalization on the American Southwest is the subject of this study. Globalization means more than goods or services moving globally. Renaissance Europeans believed that the Garden of Eden existed in actuality. Columbus claimed that he had recovered it and attributed primitive Christianity to the natives he found. Also, Europeans imposed pre-conceived social constructs of race and ethnicity upon these natives. Global migrations of people also impacted the area, starting with the First Americans and continuing with the migrations that followed Columbus. The globalization of technology, science, language, and disease played parts as well. These, however, did not eradicate Indians or their culture. Global wars influenced the Southwest through military bases and social groups. Capitalism, a European invention, impacted the relationships of people in the region. Imperialism by various European nations, and later the United States, reduced the region to a pawn to be manipulated. Finally, global warming impacts the area through drought and potential diseases. This study contends that given all of the influence and impact globalization has had much of life and culture has remained the same until only recently. This study is written for a general readership.

Labor, State and Capital in Nigeria's Oil Industry
1998 0-7734-9842-7
This study brings us into the distinctive world of Nigerian oil workers in their daily confrontations with the neo-Colonial state and foreign capital. It reveals how oil workers devise and execute survival strategies against a very formidable alliance of a state which is almost totally dependent on oil rents, and oil corporations whose main operational motivation is the maximization of profits and control of the market.

Marketing of Traditional Medicines in China: The Case of Guangxi Province
2005 0-7734-6046-2
This book presents, for the first time, an account of the marketing system for traditional medicines in China. It is based on a case study centered on Guangxi, one of China’s major producers of traditional medicines. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, medicines produced in Guangxi were transported directly to external markets by packhorses and then boats through the West River System. In the centrally planned economy after 1949, a diversified marketing system containing vertical task allocation connections, horizontally operated regional distribution routes and a dendritically structured local net work was formed in order to fulfill the government’s purchasing tasks. During the reform era of the 1980s, new market mechanisms emerged as a result of merchants’ pursuit of a trading culture based on an "ethic of honour" and the need to protect sources of supply. The net result is a marketing system that is quite distinct from the well-known rural marketing system for trade in non-specialised goods explored by other scholars.

Organized Environmental Crime: An Analysis of Corporate Noncompliance with the Law
2009 0-7734-4824-1
Crimes that harm the environment are frequently presented as random or accidental behaviors. This study, however, examines the cultural and organizational factors that make the routine operations of business susceptible to environmental law-breaking.

Overseas Chinese and Trade Between the Philippines and China
2006 0-7734-5793-3
Although it may occasionally generate useful empirical material with which to illustrate generic theoretical developments, the Philippines is rarely viewed as being anything more than a minor branch of area studies. Even the question of trade between this small and weak member of Southeast Asia, and China (a true economic giant), has attracted comparatively little attention in the academic literature.

Yet the Philippines is of great importance to the wider Pacific region. It occupies a unique strategic position; it is predominantly catholic; it is strongly influenced by, and oriented towards, the Americas; and the Filipinos have formed communities in many countries throughout the world from Australia to Japan, from West Africa to Italy. Overseas Chinese, it is said, command the domestic economy. These are matters which, as China’s economic, political and military strength grows, will require academics to take a broader and deeper interest in the Philippines and its people.

This book contributes to the development of this interest in the archipelago. Its immediate purpose is to examine business organization, the practice of trade, and the political support of these activities, within and between the Philippines and China. As noted in the preface, this is a book with many aspects. It suggests that the heavy concentration on social relationships in everyday life in the Philippines compels social science to focus on the nature of social relationships and their instrumental and affective qualities. The experience of everyday life in the Philippines, and the emphasis on social relationships, also suggest that our instrumental and affective attitudes toward relationships cannot be cleanly separated from each other; our relationships are the substance of the social world; and without the choice to eschew instrumentalism, the affective comes to mean very little.

In setting out the play of relationships, representations, and attitudes, this book begins to detail the nature of complexity and uncertainly in the social world, and the reasons why events on the ground differ so far, and so often, from our expectations. It also begins to uncover what the meaning of those deviations might be. Thus, Chinese dominance of economic activities, and the essentially corrupt, patrimonial, and factionalized nature of the Philippine economy, when viewed as representations which inform the detail of practice, takes on significance. What are taken to be the commonalities underlying this complexity, uncertainty and apparent differences are also revealed. Thus, in both the Philippines and China, we begin to see striking similarities in economic and social practice irrespective of ethnicity, international borders and time, and while in the authoritarianism of economic and political institutions and practice in both the Philippines and China, we find the seeds of liberalism.

Patterns and Processes of Religious Change in Modern Industrial Societies - Europe and the United States
2004 0-7734-6431-X
This book addresses the central debates about religious change in advanced industrial societies. The contributors, among them some of the best known sociologists of religion in Britain, the United States and continental Europe, present a wide range of opinions on the central question of whether the overriding characteristic of religious change in modern industrial societies is decline, persistence or transformation. It includes proponents of the two main paradigms in the sociology of religion: the traditional paradigm of secularization theory, and the ‘new’ paradigm of ‘rational choice’ and ‘supply-side’ theory. Many of the chapters contain highly sophisticated, yet simply presented, analyses of the best available empirical data from current and historical social surveys in western and eastern Europe (including Russia) and the United States.

Reconstruction of the Complete English Language Text of Roderick D. Mckenzie’s Our Evolving World Economy (1926)
2011 0-7734-1594-7
This book makes available a neglected piece of scholarship, which, in retrospect, seems prescient in light of our contemporary problems It integrates economy, sociology, and ecology to demonstrate how ecological change effects world society.

Role of Islamic Finance in Tackling Financial Exclusion in the United Kingdom
2016 1-4955-0455-7
This research involves an empirical study looking at the financial exclusion of less affluent UK Muslims before and since Shari’a- compliant finance was introduced. The impact of the introduction of Islamic banking in enhancing the financial inclusion level of low income Muslims is assessed.


Selection From the India Office Correspondence of Robert Cecil, Third Marquis of Salisbury, 1866-1867 and 1874-1878
2003 0-7734-6929-X


Shelley and the Development of English Imperialism: British India and England
1999 0-7734-7932-5
This postcolonialist work locates Shelley in the context of England’s colonial venture in British India. It also ties together several major, seemingly disparate – and even competing - late-18th/early 19th-century discourses on British India, and illustrates how those discourses were later enlisted to serve the Imperialism of the English Raj. Shelley’s A Philosophical View of Reform, the guiding document of this study, demonstrates his knowledge of these debates and his own internalized contradictions concerning both English workers at home and Indian subjects abroad. Chapters include surveys of period issues of class, gender, race, and nationalism, their relationship to British India, and Shelley’s personal and literary treatment of them; English Orientalism concerning India and Indic elements in Shelley’s poetry; Utilitarian projects in India and England and Shelley’s reaction; Evangelical projects in India and England; Victorian imperialism.

Studies in Entrepreneurship, Business and Government in Hong Kong
2006 0-7734-5606-6
This book uses new institutional and Austrian theories advanced in recent decades to analyze Hong Kong’s economic transformation. It focuses on knowledge and coordination problems, and examines the role of entrepreneurship, small Chinese family enterprises and government policies in the economic development of Hong Kong. So far, no similar work has been published. Part I is the theoretical framework which explores the role of entrepreneurship, small business and government in the economic development of a small open economy. Part II and III explain how entrepreneurship and Chinese family businesses transform the economy of Hong Kong. Part IV focuses on the coordinating function of the Hong Kong government. This book will be of special interest to scholars of entrepreneurship, Asian business systems and economic development. It will also be of use to policy makers in latecomer economies.

Study in Eighteenth-Century Advertising Methods the Anodyne Necklace
1992 0-7734-9177-5
By tracking the rise of the Anodyne Necklace with all its associated nostrums through the various forms of print by which a gullible public was to be manipulated (from the handout in the street to the constant and systematic exploitation of newspaper columns) we have a microtome slice through the century's uses of text in promotion and advertising. The size and scale of the activities involved, the amount of print generated, the interrelationships between such activities as almanac-making and the invention and promotion of nostrums, the plagiarizing of other people's texts and the playing on the public's fears are all part of the story of this time of vicious fighting for the public's attention and purse. Of great interest to the student of eighteenth-century life and letters, as well as to those interested in the development of advertising.

Supervisory Management and Its Link to the Human Resources Function
2001 0-7734-7484-6
This study demonstrates that over and above the increasingly complex and difficult tasks that supervisory management staff have to deal with, they also have to act as ‘mini personnel managers’ in their own right. The study focuses on the basic functions and related techniques as well as human relations for effective supervision. It also discusses the supervisor’s role as leader, communicator, motivator, trainer, and administrator. It delineates future perspectives of the changing environment facing supervisors, and strategies for supervisory success. The study includes practical examples, blending conceptual, functional, and human relations insights and skills.

Ten Reasons Why Sub-Saharan Africa Has Failed to Develop Economically: Can Africans Succeed by Themselves?
2015 1-4955-0362-3
This book focuses on economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa and the factors that have been neglected in past studies but those which have an important impact on the variables of economic development, among them being culture, political instability, corruption, foreign aid, and brain drain.


Truth in Advertising
1984 0-88946-912-1
A report from a symposium at the Toronto School of Theology, the first of a continuing series on the ethical implications of advertising.

Why Canadian Forestry and Mining Towns are Organized Differently: The Role of Staples in Shaping Community, Class, and Consciousness
2011 0-7734-1585-8
This book fills a gap in the existing scholarship on single-industry towns by reviewing an extensive literature and using it to build a theoretical framework focusing simultaneously on the spheres of industry, work, and community in these towns. It does so by building ideal types of forestry and mining towns drawn from efforts pertaining to political economy, community studies, labor history, geography and anthropology.

Why the Free Market Must Be an Ethical Market
2012 0-7734-2562-4
This study considers the factors that create an ethical business school curriculum.

Wilson Administration and the Shipbuilding Crisis of 1917. Steel Ships and Wooden Steamers
1992 0-7734-9492-8
This study is the most thorough one available of the Wilson Administration's inept initial attempts to deal with the shipbuilding crisis of 1917. Based upon extensive research in government archives and private manuscript collections, it begins with an outline of the history of American shipbuilding prior to 1914 and examines the impact of the Great War. It details the growth of the shipyards, the political process involved in the creation of the Shipping Board and the Wilson Administration's choice of the original members. The bulk of the book then examines how the new agency dealt with the U-boat crisis that led America into the war, and, in particular, Frederic Eustis's incredible plan to mass-produce small wooden steamships. The U.S., he believed, could turn them out faster than German submarines could sink them. The manuscript demonstrates this scheme's impracticality. The Board's first chairman, William Denman, though, was impressed by the proposal and adopted it as the Shipping Board's answer to the U-boat. "This is a well written, thoroughly researched case study of America's industrial mobilization during World War I. . . . His account of various proposals for creating a national merchant fleet is both useful in itself and relevant in the context of post-Desert Storm changes in U.S. deployment strategy. . . . His description of the techniques for mass producing steel vessels throws new light on the construction of the "four-piper" destroyers during World War I and the liberty ships of World War II. And his presentation of the personal conflicts that shaped the wooden ship program establishes the importance of human factors in a pre-bureaucratic age." - Dennis Showalter

Women’s Groups & Equality in British Trade Unions
2003 0-7734-6710-6
Within industrial relations, the mainstream literature has not shown much interest in women as the subjects or shapers of research. This study shows the centrality of women’s organizing to unionism and women’s experience of unions, and provides insights into the circumstances necessary for women’s sustained activism. It examines union operations and how women’s groups influence, and are influenced by, them. It synthesizes research and theory from different literatures, including industrial relations, gender studies and social psychology. It contributes an original analysis of the organizational ‘identity’ of individual unions and women’s groups. It also examines the complex relations between unions and their women’s groups within particular institutions, including the little-examined area of women’s engagement in less formal as well as mainstream union activity. Finally, it develops a number of key recommendations for both women’s groups and union strategy, firmly based on the empirical findings.

Work-Famly Debate in Popular Culture: Can Women and Men Have It All?
2015 0-7734-3529-8
An insightful examination of gender roles in the workplace and how the competing demands of family-work life can be balanced. As a pop culture starting point, the study begins with an examination of the ensuing media frenzy and passionate discussions resulting from the Atlantic Magazine cover story, “Why Women Can’t Have it All” by former Princeton Professor Anne-Marie Slaughter and widens its scope into popular films and television.