Subject Area: Animals and Society

An Annotated Catalogue of the Illustrations of Human and Animal Expression From the Collection of Charles Darwin
1998 0-7734-8467-1
The illustrations described in this catalogue were the subject of an exhibition at the Natural History Museum, London, from 5 February to 29 March, 1998. Frontispiece only, no prints.

An Essay on Humanity to Animals (1798)
2001 0-7734-7442-0
“It is hard to imagine any other editor who could situate Young’s book so clearly in the thought, culture and politics of his day, and perceive so many links with previous ethical thought and the subsequent developments that were to occur over the next two centuries. The combination of Young and Preece reminds us that the relationship of humans to other species is one of our most persistent moral problems, one which we revisit century after century, and, fortunately, one which has consistently attracted thoughtful and compassionate commentators.” – David Fraser “Thomas Young’s Essay on Humanity to Animals, along with Rod Preece’s Introduction and Notes, will be a valuable addition to the Mellen Animal Rights Library. The Essay’s historical importance is equaled, if not surpassed, by its analytical merits. . . . In his footnotes, he cites the leading modern proponents of various positions along the scale of animal rights. All of this information will be very useful to those seeking an overview of the territory. . . his exposition of Young’s argument is helpful, perceptive, and eminently clear. . . Dr. Preece has done a terrific job of editing the text. Those who are exploring the issue of human relations with nonhuman animals will appreciate having Young’s Essay readily available. They will also appreciate the intelligence of Dr. Preece’s additions and the leads he provides for further investigation.” – Marian Scholtmeijer

Animal Abuse and Family Violence
2005 0-7734-6189-2
Recent studies have found high rates of coexistence between animal abuse and family violence. This study explores the resultant questions of how and why animal abuse and other forms of family violence frequently coexist. To address these questions information was gathered through in-depth, semi-standardized interviews with abused women who had at least one pet while they were with their abusive partner. This study focuses on the participants’ experiences and interpretations of how and why these forms of abuse coexist, and the degree to which the animal abuse perpetrated by their partners was instrumental or expressive. It is demonstrated in this book that animal abuse was predominantly instrumentalized by the participants’ abusive partners to gain power and control over them and their children, and it was additionally perpetrated out of jealousy in cases where the pet posed a threat to the attention and devotion the abuser received from his partner. Recommendations are made in light of these research findings, and further research in this area, and human-animal relations more generally, is urged.

Animal Creation (1839) Its Claims on Our Humanity Stated and Enforced with a New Foreword by Gary Comstock
1996 0-7734-8710-7
Written in 1839, winner of the RSPCA prize for the best essay on 'the obligations of humanity as due to the brute creation', The Animal Creation is one of the pioneering statements of the animal welfare position, and will interest historians, theologians, and all who care about animals. Styles argues that the claims of animals are based on natural religion and morality. The obligation to avoid humanly inflicted suffering should be paramount. Dedicated to Queen Victoria who took up the cause of animal protection by becoming a Patron of the RSPCA and who appears to have sanctioned the publication of the book itself.

Animal Rights and Animal Laws in the Bible. The Daily Practice of Reverence for Life
2012 0-7734-3918-4
What characterizes the proper ethical treatment of animals as outlined in the Old Testament? Animals play an important role in the Old Testament, and in particular the Pentateuch. Ritual sacrifices were a part of the ancient traditions, and there are rules written into the laws that pertain to this practice as well as the religious approach to animals and nature. In the oft quoted passage from Genesis the call is to not only be fruitful and multiply, but to reign over the earth and subdue it along with the animals that God created. The author explores the fallout of an anthropocentric way of approaching nature that he claims is a misreading of Genesis. Taken out of context this can seem as though ethics is arbitrary in the pursuit of such dominion, but in reality the Pentateuch shows a rather rigid set of laws revealing the careful treatment of animals as sacred beings necessary for the flourishing of human life on earth.

Animal Tales: A Collection of Short Fiction by Lucette Desvignes
2010 0-7734-3908-0
Translated into English for the first time, Lucette Desvignes examines, through her fiction, the relationship between animals and man. Liberating animals from circumstances that often imprison them, Desvignes helps us to discover their unique personalities and the joy they can bring to the people around them.

Animals in Medieval French Manuscript Illumination
1995 0-7734-8991-6
Medieval manuscript painting offers a rich storehouse of material for literary scholars. This volume concentrates on domestic and wild mammals, rather than on the birds and monsters which have been treated elsewhere. Eighteen sections deal concisely with bears, camels, cats, dogs, elephants, etc., in what sorts of manuscripts they are found, and how they are presented. In addition, there are an introduction, conclusion, bibliography, and seventeen black and white illustrations from the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, and a color frontispiece.

Ants of New Mexico
2002 0-7734-6884-6
This work includes keys, illustrations, descriptions and distribution maps of all of the ant species found in New Mexico, a total of 227 species and subspecies, with a listing of another 66 that probably occur in the state. It is designed to allow nearly any biologist to determine the identity of ants, written with a minimum of jargon.

Book of African Fables
1999 0-7734-7544-3
This book of African fables gives examples of the interplay of animals and human beings in the folk tale. The aspects of behavior of the animals represents the character of a human being. These tales are those specifically for children, and can be classified on the basis of their purpose, e.g. whether they are for young chiefs, girls, or ‘underdogs’. A long introduction puts the work into literary and historical context.

Contraception in Wildlife Book One
1996 0-7734-8827-8
This volume presents the first comprehensive look at fertility contol in wildlife. It also has historical interest, because these essays are among the first to reveal some of the ptoblems associated with hormonal contraception. In addition these essays detail botht he first attempts at immunocontraception as well as the first attempts to deliver contraceptives remotely. It represents the work of the most important scientists working in this field.

Cry of Nature or an Appeal to Mercy and to Justice on Behalf of the Persecuted Animals Edited and with an Introduction by Jason Hribal
2001 0-7734-7668-7
Originally published in 1791, John Oswald’s seminal work is a cry itself, its grammar often in the vocative case, its language sometimes bursting into poetic meter. Oswald was a journalist, a revolutionary, a soldier, a world-wide traveler. He links the destruction of animals to the economic expansion of Europe. The chapters focus on John and the resistance movement to nascent land, the rise of commercial agriculture, and the growth of industrialization during the 17th and 18th centuries in England

Dictionary of Animal Names and Expressions Used Figuratively by Modern Francophone Authors: The French Bestiary
2005 0-7734-6195-7
The French language abounds in animal imagery and symbolism. No student of French vocabulary can fail to be struck by the extent to which animal names occur in its idioms, metaphors, proverbs and designations of entities belonging to other conceptual fields. From the leviathan whale to the humble earthworm and the majestic eagle to the irritant louse, a broad spectrum of creatures are pressed into service to lend expressiveness and colour to French written and spoken. A French Bestiary provides in an easily accessible dictionary format an exhaustive repertory of the figurative use of French animal names and exemplifies the expressions inventoried by quoting French and Francophone authors. The body of the text provides a conspectus of 325 headwords and 2255 meanings and expressions, arranged according to rigorous lexicographical principles and illustrated by nearly 4,500 citations. Each animal name forms the basis of an article. The headword is followed by a number of subdivisions, starting with zoological designation and ending with etymology. Some of all of the following intermediate subdivisions also appear: product and colour, human reference, non-human reference, idiom, proverb, compound. An index in English and scientific animal names is provided to facilitate cross reference.

Dix Harwood’s Love for Animals and How It Developed in Great Britain (1928)
2002 0-7734-7021-2


Domestic Cat in Roman Civilization
1999 0-7734-8160-5
This study enhances scholarship on animals in the classical world by focusing on the domestic cat in Roman civilization. Beginning with material rudimentary to the Romans' early acquaintance with the cat, is discusses a diverse range of sources for the cat in the Roman period, supported by a number of illustrations. It is a compendium of the available literary sources, drawn from the spheres of religion, mythology, the fable tradition, miscellanea, natural observations, agricultural tracts, etc.. The final chapters include an examination of artistic representations demonstrating a variety of perceptions of the cat, a survey of archaeological discoveries of feline remains, and observations on the cat in Roman life.

E. D. Buckner’s the Immortality of Animals (1903)
2004 0-7734-8726-3
Buckner’s 1903 treatise argues for the moral necessity of reparation for animal suffering, and emphasizes the evil of cruelty. Dedicated to various American animal protection societies, it provides a unique insight into the discussion of the status of animals at the turn of the century.

Empathetic Literary Analysis of Jack London's the Call of the Wild: Understanding Life From an Animal's Point of View
2012 0-7734-2934-4
Numerous tomes have been written about Jack London’s The Call of the Wild. This is the first one to talk about the dog Buck’s perspective in the novel. Beierl takes an empathetic approach to discussing the domestication of Buck in the story to use this novel as a platform for building empathetic relationships with animals. Very few scholarly works discuss literature from the perspective of an animal, and this one attempts to bring a fresh perspective at an old novel by theorizing empathetically with the characters, which plays a critical role in narrative-based responses to the novel. If characters can gain empathy from their audience there is a higher likelihood that the readers will have a positive response to the story. This book discusses how Jack London creates animal characters that form an empathetic bond with his readers. When readers can understand the inner, mental states of characters, they become motivated to form emotional attachments with them.

Essays in Philosophical Zoology by Adolf Portmann the Living Form and the Seeing Eye
1991 0-88946-323-9
Of interest not only to philosophers but also to marine biologists, students of natural history, those involved in the life sciences, zoologists, zoo managers, wildlife preservationists, and ethicists. With interpretive essay.

Ethics and Wildlife Book Two
1999 0-7734-8712-3
This volume analyzes some of our attitudes concerning wildlife, and discusses problems facing wildlife. It is a spirit of concern for, and recognition of the value of, wild creatures that unifies the essays in this volume.

George Nicholson’s on the Primeval Diet of Man (1801) - Vegetarianism and Human Conduct Toward Animals
2000 0-7734-7947-3
This book is a seminal contribution to the development of Enlightenment values concerning our responsibilities toward nature and toward other species. Rod Preece’s introduction provides an analysis of the historical context of Nicholson’s thought, its relationship to previous and contemporary literature, and its influence. Preece’s notes offer a detailed elucidation of Nicholson’s references, quotations and commentary. This examination of Nicholson’s work, in conjunction with Preece’s introduction and notes, allows the modern reader an unparalleled insight into the ideas that occasioned the early 19th century animal welfare legislation that promoted and protected the interests of non-human species.

Hellenistic Treatise on Poisonous Animals (the Theriaca of Nicander of Colophon) a Contribution to the History of Toxicology
1991 0-7734-9674-2
Evidence is given here that Nicander was artist-poet-naturalist-physician, that he was libelled as merely a versifier and metaphrast, that his depiction of poisonous serpents and the effects of their venom on man was original and veracious: that his work has had recognition from and influence on writers about serpents for centuries.

History of Attitudes and Behaviours Toward Animals in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Britain: Anthropocentrism and the Emergence of Animals
2009 0-7734-4903-5
This book argues that as the movement to protect animals from cruelty gathered pace, it never lost its essentially anthropocentric outlook. The study comprehensively documents the changing place of animals in human life.

History of the Wolf in Western Civilization
2006 0-7734-5693-7
This study of the wolf is primarily that of the wolf of Biblical metaphor and medieval legend, rather than the wolf of reality. Yet, it demonstrates for students and teachers alike how the wolf of reality underwent a long-term ‘demonization’ in western culture, largely as a result of the literary wolf. It accomplishes this first, through a close investigation of the pertinent passages of the Scriptures and select references in the works of the Church Fathers. The study then examines details from two sources with the classical tradition, Aelian’s On the Nature of Animals and select fables of the Aesopian tradition. This is followed by a descriptive survey of later medieval works: the so-called ‘beast epics,’ the Physiologus (in its Christian recension), and the illustrated bestiaries. The book explores evidence for the ‘wicked wolf’ in the early and later Middle Ages. The conclusion cites the continuing wolf terror in Western Europe as exacerbated by the heyday of the werewolf phenomenon and points to hopeful signs for the conservation of the wolf. In all, this work shows how the diabolical wolf – only a symbol in the Gospels – developed, grew much ‘larger than life,’ and persisted through late antiquity (when a new term, luparius, was coined for the hunters of the real wolf) and throughout the Middle Ages; and that the ‘agent of the Devil’ was not at all assisted by the observations of naturalists or encyclopedists like Aelian or Isidore of Seville, nor by the image of the greedy but stupid wolf of Aesop. The book is enhanced by photographs, including eight photos of actual wolves by professional photographers. A very select bibliography provides a starting point for the study of the wolf in western civilization, and includes both patristic and medieval works, along with modern works.

Immortal Animal Souls
2005 0-7734-6069-1
Whether animals possessed immortal souls was a controversial topic in the nineteenth century. Answers to the question constituted an important manner of addressing the status of animals. While relatively little was written on the theme, the issue was a common topic of conversation, as it had also been in the prior centuries. The contributions to the subject presented in this volume were among the most significant of the Victorian era, coming from members of the newly established veterinary profession and from an author with a general interest in theological questions. These essays demonstrate Victorian patterns of thought on the human-animal relationship and help modern scholars understand the complexities of the contemporary approach to the status of animals. In addition to the essays, the editor provides a substantial introduction and detailed annotation which allow the modern scholar to both place Victorian ideas on this topic in the context of the thought of prior and later centuries, and also to understand the context of Victorian society in which these matters were addressed.

Medieval Animal Trials. Justice for All
2012 0-7734-3081-4
In Europe as early as the thirteenth century and as late as the sixteenth century, non-human animals including rats, pigs, horses, and dogs were tried for criminal activities. Such trials were not sacrificial in nature; neither were they mock trials for entertainment. Rather, such trials were undertaken with great seriousness with appointed legal counsel for prosecution and defense, at some times before a judge and at other times before a judge and jury. This phenomenon would strike modern sensibilities are being somewhere between eccentric and completely mad, and no one today believes that animals are capable of forming criminal intentions. This book answers the question of how this rather arcane practice is to be understood because it is true that today no animals are formally prosecuted for crimes in courts of law.

Modern Bestiary - Animals in English Fiction 1880-1945
1996 0-7734-8908-8
Taking Darwin's publication of Origin of Species as a significant point of departure, it discusses such key authors as Hardy, Lawrence, Kipling, Wells, Orwell, and others, arguing that the variety and richness of this literature represents a revival in the fortunes of Bestiary literature. In the Middle Ages, much animal literature was written and its burden was instruction of a moral kind. This study shows that modern British writers have turned to the world of animal nature, realistically, figuratively or fantastically, to find an alternative orientation to the world -- to find a more satisfactory view of man's place in nature. The modern Bestiarists represent a wide variety of fictional technique and an equally extensive range of thematic interest.

Moral Inquiries of the Situation of Man and Brutes (1824)
1997 0-7734-8722-0
Gompertz was one of the pioneers of animal protection in England and key figure in the early history of the RSPCA. His work is an early attempt to lay out the rational foundations for non-injury to animals. Gompertz was a vegetarian who argued that 'Every animal has more right to the use of its own body than others have to use it.'

Obligation and Extent of Humanity to Brutes, Principally Considered with Reference to the Domesticated Animals (1839)
2003 0-7734-6838-2


Portrayal of Birds in Selected Nineteenth and Twentieth Century French Fiction
2002 0-7734-7079-4


Rights of Animals and Man’s Obligation to Treat Them with Humanity (1838)
2005 0-7734-6212-0
William Drummond's The Rights of Animals is one of several early nineteenth century volumes dedicated to arousing a recognition of the importance of the well-being and protection of animals. Ljke a number of contemporary works, this book was written at the behest of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, to which the prefix 'Royal' was soon to be added. Of these volumes The Rights of Animals is the most learned and, along with that of the veterinarian William Youatt (volume 11 in this Series), the most significant in stating the animal cause as seen from the perspective of the pre-Darwinian nineteenth century. This 1838 book was authored by William Hamilton an Irish Unitarian Minister of Scottish extraction. By adding a contextual Introduction and copious explanatory Editorial Notes, Drs. Preece and Li have put this work into its historical and literary setting, thus rendering the work much more readily comprehensible to the scholar of the twenty-first century.

Role of Swine Symbolism in Medieval Literature Blanc Sanglier
1991 0-7734-9682-3
The pig has probably evoked more unexplained extremes of human emotions than any other animal. What are the possible origins of the symbolism attached to this animal? Has it ever been viewed differently? In a light tone, with alliteration and bantering humor, many original theories are presented to show how our western heritage subconscious associations toward the pig have developed.

Role of the Parrot in Selected Texts From Ovid to Jean Rhys
2006 0-7734-5574-4
This book features the efforts of a group of academics from diverse disciplines that have been working together to highlight the presence of the parrot in selected texts across the centuries. Their common purpose is to demonstrate that fictional parrots invariably function as more than decoration, comedy or badges denoting the eccentricity of their human owners. These versatile and talented birds function as markers for subtle literary techniques. Using the parrot as an interpretative tool the focus is on a range of narrative strategies and metaphorical meanings employed by the authors in question and argue that these are embodied in the attributes of the speaking bird who figures significantly in each work.

Selected Papers and Biography of Charles Henry Turner (1867-1923), Pioneer in the Comparative Animal Behavior Movement
2002 0-7734-6942-7
Dr. Charles Henry Turner uncovered new species; contributed several of the early anatomical studies of crayfish and bird brains; developed new methodologies (several of which are still used today); contributed literature reviews; clarified several behavioral and methodological issues in the areas of tropisms, memory, and behavioral ecology; and was the first to provide experimental evidence that certain insects can hear airborne sounds. He was also a leader in the early struggle for civil rights where he repeatedly stressed the view that equality can only occur through a sustained and rigorous program of education. This volume will not only be useful to students of behavioral science, but also to historians of psychology, zoology, entomology, and African-American history. The volume contains biographic information and illustrations, a broad selection of Turner’s papers, both on behavioral science and race relations, and bibliographic information.

Systematics and Biology of the New World Thief Ants of the Genus Solenopsis (hymenoptera: Formicidae)
2013 0-7734-4342-8
The New World species of the thief ant genus Solenopsis is revised. Thief ants are among the most common ants in nearly all terrestrial habitats. In this book a new scheme of well-defined species complexes is outlined, doing away with the ambiguities of previous schemes. Well-illustrated keys, in Spanish and English offer recognition of slightly over 80 species, all diagnosed, described, and illustrated, including gynes and males when possible.



Understanding Children’s Animal Stories
2000 0-7734-7735-7
This study examines the content and structure of 59 children’s realistic animal stories for ideological expressions of anthropocentrism. It concludes that the texts send ambivalent and contradictory messages: while children’s stories may serve to inform the reader about actual and potential connections to other animals, they also contain elements that continue to privilege the dominant view.

Werewolves, Magical Hounds, and Dog-Headed Men in Celtic Literature: A Typological Study of Shape-Shifting
2010 0-7734-3714-2
This book is a typological study of canids and canid imagery in Medieval Celtic cultures. It explores texts ranging from early Irish legal tracts and heroic narrative to exempla from Welsh, Breton, and later Scottish sources.

Wolf-Hunting in France in the Reign of Louis XV the Beast of the Gévaudan
1992 0-88946-746-3
The first book-length work in English on a strange episode that exercises perennial fascination for French historians. The Beast of the Gévaudan terrorized an entire countryside for years during the 18th century, killing scores of men, women, and children but ignoring the domestic animals. This is the true story, so far as it can be reconstructed, of the ravages in the province of Gévaudan, and the incompetence, intrigue, corruption, and indifference in high places.

World History and Myths of Cats
2003 0-7734-6778-5
This unique book is structured by country, from prehistoric to present times. An effort has been made to revive the soul and ambience of different environments as it evolved over the centuries. The style is intentionally folksy, to reproduce the special sense of humor, puns or poetry of different countries.