The Development of Music Education in Romania Since 1989. How Democratization Transforms the Teachers’ Curriculum

Author: Bute, Daniela
Year:2010
Pages:352
ISBN:0-7734-1328-6
978-0-7734-1328-3
Price:239.95
This book documents the impact of democratization, globalization and European
integration on the Romanian music education system since the Revolution in 1989.
Particular emphasis is placed on government deregulation of public music education.

Reviews

“. . . an insider’s view of the turbulent evolution of this former communist- governed country, especially in respect to its effects on education and the Arts. . . The book is a superb case study of the interactive impact between the Arts and the social-cultural environment that defines them.” ­- Prof. Harold Fiske, University of Western Ontario

" . . .a welcome and substantial book that documents and critically analyses the effects of rapid and sometimes drastic political change on music education . . . a highly readable, informative and well organized study that can serve as a model for future research.” -Prof. Paul Woodford, University of Western Ontario

Table of Contents

FOREWORD
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER I
CONCEPTUALIZING DEMOCRATIZATION
Democracy – A Definition
Democratic Principles
Equality of Opportunity
Participation in Political Decision-Making
The Right of Choice
Some Implications for Education
A Brief History and Definitions of Two Prominent Theories of Liberalism
Classical Liberalism
Egalitarian Liberalism
Structural Systems of Governance
CHAPTER II
CONCEPTUALIZING GLOBALIZATION
Globalization – A Brief Definition
The Dialectic of Globalization
The Political Economy of Globalization
Global Neoliberalism
Cultural Globalization
Cultural Homogenization
Cultural Polarization
Cultural Hybridization
Some Implications for Education
Are Globalization and Democracy Compatible and Complementary?
CHAPTER III
EUROPEAN INTEGRATION
Historical Background to the Current Structure of the European Union
Current Structure of the European Union
Some Implications for Education
CHAPTER IV
DEMOCRACY AND THE CHALLENGES OF MARKET CAPITALISM IN ROMANIA
The 1989 Revolution
International Context
Internal Causes
Democratization and Economic Development, 1990 – 2008
Ion Iliescu and his Communist Politics, 1990 – 1996
The Electoral System
The Party System
The Communist Legacy of the NSF
Introducing the Free Market Economy to Romania
Transition Continues: Emil Constantinescu and an Agenda for Change, 1996 – 2000
1996 – 2000 – Accelerated Liberalization of the Economy
The Return of the Communists? Iliescu at his Third Presidential Mandate, 2000 – 2004
2000 – 2004 –Economic Macrostabilization Begins
“Live well!” - Traian Basescu and Consolidation of Democracy, 2004 – 2008
2004 - 2008 – Macroeconomic Equilibrium
Issues and Controversies in Romanian Politics
CHAPTER V
MUSIC EDUCATION IN ROMANIA, 1864 – 1989
A Brief History of Music Education in Romania to 1989
The Public Music Education System, 1864 – 1947
Historical Background to the Installation of Soviet Influence, 1944 – 1947
Music Education During Communism, 1947 – 1989
The Reforming Process of the Public Sphere and the 1948 Educational Reform
Political and Cultural Relaxation, 1958 – 1965
The Ceausescu Era, 1965 – 1989
A Second Cultural Thaw
The Cultivation of Ceausescu’s Cult of Personality, 1971 – 1989
CHAPTER VI
THE GENERAL EDUCATION SYSTEM IN POST-REVOLUTIONARY ROMANIA, 1990 – 2009
The Current Structure of the Romanian Public Education System
Legislative and Operational Framework
Organization of the Schooling System
Conceptualizing Curriculum
Configuration of the National Curriculum
Deconstructing the Public Education System
Implications of the Bologna Declaration for the Romanian Education System
Quality Assurance Agencies and their Effects on Romanian Public Education
Teacher Training
CHAPTER VII
IMPLICATIONS OF DEMOCRATIZATION, NEOLIBERALISM AND EUROPEAN INTEGRATION FOR THE MUSIC EDUCATION SYSTEM IN POST-REVOLUTIONARY ROMANIA, 1990 – 2009
1). The National School Music Education Curriculum (K-XII)
Signs of Democratization in the National Music Education Curriculum
Music Textbooks
Neoliberalism and School Music Curriculum and Practice
Objectives and Competencies
Evaluation and Assessment
Shortfalls of the National Music Curriculum
The Need for Critical Awareness as a Curricular Goal
Music Multiculturalism–an Oversight of Romanian Educational Authorities?
Competitive Contests
2) Music University Curriculum and Practice
Implications of the Bologna Declaration for Romanian Higher Music Education
Neoliberal Influences on Higher Music Education
Quality Assurance Agencies and their Effects on the Romanian Higher Music Education System
3) Private Music Education
4) Teacher Training for Music Education
Operational Framework for the Music Teacher Training Program
Teacher Training with a Conservative Bent
The meNet Project and its Possible Influences on the Romanian Teacher Training Program
Conclusion
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX