Sociological Inquiry Into the History of the Union of Turkish Chambers of Engineers and Architects

Author: Öncü, Ahmet F.
This study presents a unique case study regarding the radicalization of professionals (engineers), and provides a theoretical framework for unifying the micro and macro levels of social theory. It lays a theoretical foundation in the excursus on Gramsci and Veblen, and presents a short history of modern Turkey focusing on the state/society relation. It then presents a detailed accounting of the Union of Turkish chambers of Engineers and Architects from 1954 to 1980.


“This book is a compelling account of the radicalization of the Turkish chambers of Engineers and Architects (UTCEA) during the course of the second half of the twentieth century. Conjoining elements of classical and contemporary sociological theory with a historical sketch of state/society relation in modern Turkey and dense organizational history of the UTCEA, the author constructs an argument that a privileged occupational stratum developed an oppositional consciousness that engendered a revolutionary political practice in the service of the Turkish people.” – William Johnston, University of Alberta

Table of Contents

Table of contents (main headings):
Preface; Foreword
1. Introduction
2. Dialectics of Technology, Engineers and the State: An Excursus on Gramsci and Veblen
3. Struggle for Hegemony in the State and the Production of the Sphere of Autonomy: The Case of Turkey, 1908-1980
4. The Turkish Engineer against the Foreign Expert: The Union of Turkish Chambers of Engineers and Architects from 1954-1965
5. The Discovery of Technique or Criticism: The UTCEA in the 1965-1970 Interregnum
6. The Political Production of Autonomy: The UTCEA in the Period 1974-1980
7. Conclusion and Discussion: The State, Engineers and Technological Criticism
Bibliography; Index