Portuguese Revolution (1640-1668): A European War of Freedom and Independence

Author: Tengwall, David Lewis
Year:2010
Pages:520
ISBN:0-7734-3614-6
978-0-7734-3614-5
Price:299.95
This study examines the major events that led to the Spanish control of Portugal in 1580 and the major causes of the revolt in 1640. Included is a detailed study
of the emergence of the Portuguese military, the social and economic conditions that played a decisive role during the Revolution, and the emergence of a national spirit that led to the defeat of one of the most politically and militarily powerful countries in seventeenth century Europe. This book contains fifteen black and white photographs.

Reviews

“. . . a fresh analysis that will be of great use not only for English-speaking readers, but all others interested in one of the most pivotal periods in Portuguese history.” – Prof. Francis A. Dutra, University of California, Santa Barbara

“. . . a useful and informative book that will be an aid to scholars for many years to come.” – Dr. Daniel Masterson, U.S. Naval Academy

Table of Contents

Maps and Illustrations
Dates and Money
Abbreviations
Acknowledgements
Foreword: Professor Francis A. Dutra
Introduction
Chapter One: The Spanish Captivity, 1580-1640
Sebastião—O Rei Cavaleiro (1557-1578)
The “Great Crusade”
The Debacle of Alcácer-Quibir
Cardinal/King Dom Henrique (1512-1580)
Philip II of Spain (1581-1598)
Philip III of Spain (1598-1621)
Philip IV of Spain (1621-1640)
Summary
Chapter Two:
The Seeds of Revolution, 1637-1640
Sebastianism
Movements against Spain
João, Duke of Bragança
The Revolt in Catalonia
The Meetings of the Conspirators—The “Heroes of 1640”
Ineptness of the Spanish Government
Summary
Chapter Three:
Saturday, 1 December 1640
The Attack: 8am
Justifications for Rebellion
Summary
Chapter Four:
The Governmental Reign of King João IV
Word Spreads of the Triumphant Revolt
Coronation of King João IV
Government of João IV
Diplomatic Affairs Under João IV (1640-1656)
France
Dutch
England
Duarte, Brother of João IV
Summary
Chapter Five:
The Portuguese Military in the Seventeenth Century
Pre-revolution Military Conditions
Military Conditions During the Spanish Captivity—The Military Revolution
Military Development Under João IV
Military Pay/Benefits, Awards, and Honors
Summary
Chapter Six:
Opening Salvos: 1640-1656
Plots and Counter Plots
Military Manuevering—1641-1643
The Battle of Montijo—26 May 1644
Summary
Chapter Seven:
Issues of Importance: The Role of the Roman Church and the Financing of the Revolution
Religion
Portuguese Inquisition
Jesuits
Recognition of the New Dynasty by Rome
Financing the Revolution
Summary
Chapter Eight:
Governmental Transition—Governmental Intrigue (1656-1668)
Governmental Transition—The Regency of Dona Luísa de Gusmão
Governmental Intrigue—The Reign of Afonso VI
Summary
Chapter Nine:
1656-1668: The Military Road to Victory
1656-1661 Military Campaigns—Battle of Linhas das Elvas
1661-1663 Military Campaigns—Battle of Ameixial
The Final Military Campaigns, 1664-1668—Battle of Montes Claros
Summary
Chapter Ten:
13 February 1668: Freedom and Independence
Movements Toward Peace
Summary
Appendix #1: Glossary
Appendix #2: Heroes of 1640
Appendix #3: Major Developments leading up to and Including the Revolution
Appendix #4: Members of the Cortes 1641
Appendix #5: Portuguese Nationals who remained in Madrid following the Revolution
Appendix #6: Peace Treaty of 1668
Bibliography
Index