La théorie du langage de Pierre-Simon Bellanche

Author: Busst, Alan
This book analyses for the first time the complex and wide-ranging theory of language which lies at the heart of Ballanche’s philosophical system. His sporadic, fragmentary passages, scattered throughout his works, are gathered together here, and presented with a detailed analysis of the theory, both in the context of the historical, religious, social and political system it supports, and also in relation to the earlier and contemporary philosophies of language which it seeks either to uphold or to disprove. In French.


“His Introduction to the excerpts demonstrates all his customary mastery of lucid analysis and exposition, nuanced critical judgment, and an excellent feeling for the structures of thought. Although he fairmindedly stresses the frequent fragmentariness of Ballanche’s thinking and writing, he argues with great plausibility for an underlying coherence to Ballanche’s total world-view. . . . The choice of texts by Ballanche is logical, informative, and it constitutes a comprehensive sampling of Ballanche’s intellectual output. Alan Busst is a scholar of international standing. This selection of Ballanche’s texts, together with Alan Busst’s erudite introduction, will add a very significant element to the wider appreciation of this important thinker.” – Walter Redfern

“Given the fragmentary nature of Balance’s oeuvre and the difficulty of his texts, it takes someone with this author’s familiarity with the labyrinthine processes of Ballanche’s mind and a gift for exposition to give us such a lucid view of his ideas on language. The writer also makes excellent use of his wide and solid reading in the period and in the wider history of ideas, to situate Ballanche’s thinking clearly in the language debates of his time and of the previous centuries.” – C. W. Thompson

Table of Contents

Table of contents
Préface – Ceri Crossley
La théorie du langage de P.-S. Ballanche
1. Origine de la parole: évolutive ou instantanée?
2. Origine de la parole: rapport entre signfiant et signifié
3. Origine de la parole: rapport entre langage et pensée
4. Métaphysique du langage et langue primitive
5. Désintégration et corruption de la langue primitive
6. Emancipation de la pensée
7. Réintégration et restitution de la parole primitive
Conclusion; bibliographie
Extraits des Ouvrages de Ballanche
Essai sur les Institutions sociales (1818)
Essais de palingénésie sociale (1827-30)
Orphée (1829)
Vision d’Hébal (1831)