Hugues Rebell, a Nietzschian Writer in Fin-De-Siecle France: His Literary and Political Achievement

Author: Schlehlein, Melinda
Schlehlein’s monograph evaluates the influence of Nietsche’s philosophy on the political ideas of Hugues Rebell and also demonstrates that Nietsche’s perspectivism is reflected in the characters of a Rebell novel.


“Her textual analyses and translations serve not only to validate her own points, but also to inspire new readers of Rebell. Schlehlein’s work, in fact, may very well inspire new research and interest in a French writer who deserves to join the ranks of the best-known names of the period.” -Prof. Royal S. Brown, The City University of New York

Table of Contents

Foreword by Royal S. Brown
1. Rebell’s Discovery of Nietzsche
2. Rebell’s Unique Position in Fin-de-Siècle Literature
and in the Nietzsche Reception in Paris
3. Rebell’s Critique of French Translations and
Interpretations of Nietzsche
4. Rebell and the French Rightists’ Readings of Nietzsche
5. Rebell, A Zarathustran Disciple of Nietzsche
6. Rebell, a Zarathustran-type of Writer
Part I Rebell’s Use and Abuse of Nietzsche in his Politics
Chapter 1 Points of Convergence in Rebell and Nietzsche’s
Political Thinking
1. The Concepts of an Aristocratic Society and the
Noble Type
2. Cultural Meritocracy
3. Domination, Exploitation, and a Machiavellian-
Inspired Politics
4. Nietzsche and Rebell’s Ideal Leaders
5. Criticism of the French Revolution
6. Criticism of 19th Century Society and Its Political
7. Rebell’s Platonic Criticism of the Third French
Chapter 2 Points of Divergence in Rebell and Nietzsche’s
Political Thinking
1. Rebell’s Political Conviction
2. Preference For the Human Over the Superhuman:
Rebell’s Master Race
3. Rebell’s Preference For Master Morality Over Slave
4. A Higher Type In Spite of Himself: Rebell As a
Resentful Noble
5. Rebell’s Revaluation of Values
6. Different Visions of the Future
Chapter 3 Consistent Inconsistencies in Rebell: His Problematic
View of the Jews
1. Rebell’s Propinquity with Drumont on Nationalism
and Anti-Semitism
2. Nietzsche vs. Rebell on Integration, Race and the Role
of Modern Jews
3. The Aporia in Rebell’s Conflicting Views of Jewish
4. Rebell’s Nietzschean Attack on Anti-Semitism and on
5. Between Nietzsche and Anti-Semitism: Rebell’s
Abstention From the Dreyfus Affair
6. A Nietzschean Rebel(l): In Final Defiance of
Part II Rebell’s Perspective on Perspectivism in La
Femme qui a connu l’Empereur
Chapter 1 Types of Perspectivists in La Femme qui a connu
1. The First Healthy Type Or Type 1 in The Will To
Power (778) and La Femme qui a connu l’Empereur
2. The Second Healthy Type Or Type 3 in The Will To
Power (778) and La Femme qui a connu l’Empereur
3. The Cases of Rebell’s “Ugly Plebeian” and Heraclitan
4. A Nietzschean Unhealthy Type: The Historical
Napoleon III
5. Rebell’s Strongest Attempt At Creating the Ideal
Chapter 2 Narratorial Perspectivism and the Pursuit of Truth in
Rebell’s Novel
1. Perspectival Perspectivists vs. Anti-perspectival
Perspectivists and Their Debates
2. La Pervenchère: A Site of Discord and Harmony
3. Le Vergier des Combes’s Love Life: Multiple Tensions,
Multiple Focalizations and Perspectival Truth
4. Approximating Perspectival Truth in Henriette
and Charles’s Narratives
Chapter 3 Rebell’s Perspective on Politics in La Femme qui a
connu l’Empereur
1. Rebell’s Allusion To Nietzsche in Union des trois
Defining Nietzsche’s Concept of a Political Agon
. Rebell’s Rejection of Agonistic Pluralism in
Napoleon III’s Government
4. The Liberals as Villains in La Femme qui a connu
5. Rebell’s Perspectival Perspective on Politics, In Spite
of Himself
Chapter 4 Rebell’s Perspective on History in La Femme qui a
connu l’Empereur
1. Nietzsche and Rebell’s Common View of History
2. La Femme qui a connu l’Empereur as Rebell’s
Ideal Historical Novel
3. Le Vergier des Combes’s Use of the Antiquarian,
Monumental, and Critical Modes of History
4. The Suprahistorical and Unhistorical in La Femme
qui a connu l’Empereur