How Nathanial Hawthorne’s Narratives are Shaped by Sin. His Use of Biblical Typography in His Four Major Works

Author: Courtmanche, Jason Charles
This work examines the influence of Puritan thought and typology and the persecutorial actions of the ancestors of Nathanial Hawthorne on his literature. Typological allusions and typological layering, in which fictional characters are portrayed as recurrent types found throughout the Bible, myth, and history, require readers to perform an hermeneutical exercise of interpretation in order to gain insight into the nature of sin.


"Jason Courtmanche, one of a new breed of young Hawthorne scholars, has done an admirable job in conjuring up Hawthorne's typological formula in his four romances in terms of Adam and Eve and Satan, as well as the New American Adam and Eve." – Prof. Samuel Coale, Wheaton College

“After reading Courtmanche’s study, the reader will be able to easily recognize the typological patterns, especially the New Adam, New Eve, and Satan triad, in Hawthorne’s work and to understand their significance.” - Prof. David Greven, Connecticut College

“. . . enriched by a series of close readings of near-allegorical equivalencies on which Hawthorne often structured his tales.” - Prof. Wayne Franklin, University of Connecticut-Storrs

Table of Contents

Foreword by Sam Coale: Blasted Allegories and Typological Turmoil
Introduction: Sin and Salvation
1. The Scarlet Letter and Hawthorne’s Nascent Typology of Evil
2. The House of the Seven Gables and the American Garden of Eden
3. The Blithedale Romance and the Negative Fulfillment of Hawthorne’s Typology
4. The Marble Faun and the Ontology of Sin
Conclusion: Literature of the Fall