How Career Ladder Jobs Increase Employment Prospects. Redeeming Lives From the Consequences of Youth Delinquency

Author: Wang, Shun-Yung Kevin
Year:2013
Pages:152
ISBN:0-7734-4330-4
978-0-7734-4330-3
Price:139.95
The monograph is a quantitative investigation of the connection between youth employment, career-ladder positions, job stability and delinquency. Based on the empirical evidence, the findings suggest that career-ladder jobs reduce crime and delinquency by providing an environment in which youths holding future-oriented career jobs commit more in their long-term goals and may tend to associate with more pro-social associates in the workplace.

A brilliant contribution to the existing literature on adolescent employment and crime. It connects theory and research with public policy in a balanced manner and introduces the concept of career-ladder jobs as a guide to reduce crime and delinquency by looking at public policy and adolescent employment in a new way.

Reviews

“The brilliance of this work centers on bringing the concept of a “career-ladder job” into the literature on adolescent work and delinquent involvement…it is more than just an academic publication filled with theory and statistics…it is a book that matters.”
-Prof. Kevin Beaver,
Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL


“Dr. Wang makes a scholarly contribution to the existing literature on adolescent employment and crime, and it should be of interest to all those who are interested in the association between adolescent employment and delinquent behavior…”
-Prof. Glen Reynolds,
University of Sunderland, UK


“…theoretically rich but also exceptionally well-written…an indispensable reference for those who want to understand the connections between youth employment and criminal involvement.”
-Prof. Ivan Y. Sun,
University of Delaware

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT
FOREWORD by Kevin M. Beaver
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION
Context of Economy and Crime
Employment and Individuals
Summary
Chapter 2: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS
Control Theories
Strain Theories
Social Learning Theories
Economic Model: Employment as a Rational Choice
Self-Control Theory
Summary
Chapter 3: SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF JOBS
Job Stability
Job Quality
Career Stakes
Work Among Adolescents
Summary
Chapter 4: YOUTH EMPLOYMENT & CAREER LADDER JOBS
The Idea of Career Ladder
Conceptual Definition of Career Ladder Jobs
Inter-rater Reliability of Career Ladder Scores
Chapter 5: CAREER LADDER JOBS & DELIQUENCY
Research Design
Analytical Strategies: Structural Equation Modeling
Data
Measurements
Criminal and Delinquent Behaviors
Job Income and Monetary Resources from Family
Job Stability
Parents’ Educational level and Income level
Descriptive Statistics
Results
Summary
Chapter 6: CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION
Career Ladder job, Employment, and Delinquency
Job Stability and Delinquency
Limitations of the Study
Data Limitations
Data-Model Fit in SEM
Measure of Delinquency
APPENDIX A: The list of recruited national certified career counselors (NCCC)
APPENDIX B: Career ladder scores of occupational positions
REFERENCES
INDEX