Government Policy and Public Enterprise Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa the Case Studies of Tanzania and Zambia, 1964-1984

Author: Makoba, J.
This study investigates the impact of state development policies of nationalization, Africanization and import substitution industrialization (ISI) on the activities and performance of selected industrial public enterprises (or parastatal organizations). Contrary to conventional wisdom, findings in this study show clearly that public enterprise performance in Tanzania and Zambia, as elsewhere in developing countries, is a result of the quality of management rather than type of ownership. It contributes to the current state-market debate by arguing that any meaningful understanding of economic growth and performance must take into account the roles of both state and market as well as the particular historical and sociopolitical context within which they coexist. Finally, the study extends the application of the resource dependency models of organizations to organizational behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa by demonstrating that local enterprise managers in both Tanzania and Zambia, rather than intelligently scanning their environment, are often overwhelmed by it.


"At at time when Africa has finally come to a hopeful turn in its developmental road Makoba's book suggests directions which could be helpful to African policy makers in dealing with the often intractable question of what to do with their parastatals. But the book will also be contributing to those who ponder, as policy-makers or just observers, a similar dilemma in socialist, former socialist and even capitalist countries.. . . . the logic, importance and direction of Professor Makoba's book are eminently sound. This will be an important book for a broad range of people concerned with development, especially in developing and socialist countries." - Franz Schurmann

"Professor Makoba's rich and powerful research combining both macro- and micro-level analysis of the role of the state in the economy is at the cutting edge of the field of African Studies today in that it sheds light on some key issues on the mechanisms of state control and their impact on public enterprise performance. These analyses are particularly crucial in the current state-market debate. . . a solid, well-crafted research which will be used by Africanists and other development scholars and policy makers. The work will also serve as a valuable tool for teaching and doing future research." - Moustapha Diouf

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:
1. Introduction
2. Foreign Economic Domination, Public Enterprise Formation and State Control of the Economy in Tanzania
3. Foreign Economic Domination, Public Enterprise Formation and State Control of the Economy in Zambia
4. State Control of the Economy and Class Formation in Tanzania
5. State Control of the Economy and Class Formation in Zambia
6. State Control of the Economy and Public Enterprise Growth in Tanzania
7. State and National Development Corporation (NDC) Responses to Parastatal Growth in Tanzania
8. Public Enterprise Growth and Expansion in Zambia
9. State Control of the Economy and Public Enterprise Performance in Tanzania: The Case of the National Development Corporation
10. State Control of the Zambian Economy and the Performance of the Industrial Development Corporation.
11. Summary, Conclusion, and Policy Implications
Appendix, Bibliography, Index