Feminine Stereotypes and Roles in Theory and Practice in Argentina Before and After the First Lady Eva PerÓn

Author: Zabaleta, Marta


“This is a pioneering work. Written from a marxist/feminist point of view, it examines issues surrounding Latin American women, men and ‘the nation’. . . . approaches questions of development, education, history, ideology, discourse, culture and politics. . . .discusses definitions of populism and Peronism established by Laclau, Hollander and de Ipola, and examines the background factors that enabled Peronism to flourish during the 1940s and early 1950s. She looks at the increasingly authoritarianism of the regime after the death of Eva Duarte de Perón. . . . A personal analysis of Evita’s speeches is given and reflections offered on the nature of women’s political behavior in Argentina. The book contains a Preface written by a leading figure in the area of Gender and Development, Dr. Kate Young who sets the issues in an international context. An Epilogue compares and contrasts icons like Evita and Diana and points to a need to go beyond present imagined borders in our thinking about gender and the nation.” – Dr. Robert Gurney.

“. . . a major - and most important – rare contribution to the subject of Ideology and Discourse. The author’s ability to discuss and analyse complex issues, such as the various types of female social consciousness and the process/reasons as to how and why they develop, with clarity, precision and at a multiplicity of levels, will certainly appeal to many. . . . Zabaleta avoids generalisations and builds a useful and constructive criticism opposite misconceptions of the past that attributed political conservatism to Latin American women, using numerous examples.” – Katarina Emmanouilidou

Table of Contents

Table of contents (main headings)
Preface by Dr. Kate Young
1. Women, Men, and the Falkland Islands in Argentine History: the gendering of the national ‘self’
2. Stressing the Importance of Ideology and Discourse: the case of Peronist women (1943-1955)
3. On Ideology, Discourse and Consciousness: a gendered overview
4. Other Characterisations of the Peronist Phenomenon
5. The Stage of Constitution of the Peronist Discourse (1943-mid-1945)
6. The Ideological and Political Strategy of Peronism (1945-55)
7. The Family: its organization and functions during the Peronist Government
8. The Political Participation of Peronist Women
9. Analysis of the Speeches Concerning the Peronist Discourse for Women
10. Conclusions: Peronist populism and women’s political consciousness
11. Epilogue: ‘Evita’ and ‘Diana’, the globalised women
Appendices; Bbibliography; Index