Dissatisfaction and Attrition Among Female Faculty in American Universities: An Analysis of the National Study of Postsecondary Faculty

Author: Scruton, Kimberly Elizabeth
Year:2013
Pages:116
ISBN:0-7734-4083-6
978-0-7734-4083-8
Price:119.95
Why do female faculty members report lower job satisfaction at American universities? This book uncovers some of the reasons why women leave academia and why they feel disrespected by colleagues. Scruton tries to discover what factors lead to job satisfaction among women in higher education.There has been sparse literature on why women leave academia. This book aims to fill in that gap by offering new methodological reasons as to why women feel alienated in institutions of higher learning, and eventually leave.

Reviews

“As colleges and universities of every stripe become more diverse in every way, Scruton’s focus on job satisfaction among female members of the professoriate is a welcome addition to our understanding of the specific, discrete elements of the organizational mix in higher education most relevant to developing policies and practices.”
Prof. John R. Goss, III
Shenandoah University

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
DEDICATION ii
List of Tables vi
FOREWORD vii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS x
PREFACE xi
CHAPTER ONE 1
PROFESSIONAL DISSATISFACTION: THE STATE OF FEMALE FACULTY IN ACADEMIA 1
Why a Shortage of Female Faculty? 2
Questions Explored 5
Hypotheses 5
Significance to Academia 7
Limitations of this Research 10
Definition of Terms 10
Extrinsic Job Satisfaction 10
Gender Stereotype 11
Intrinsic Job Satisfaction 11
Job Satisfaction 11
CHAPTER TWO 12
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: 12
A REVIEW OF PAST RESEARCH 12
Theoretical Frameworks of Job Satisfaction 12
Framework 1: Content Theories of Job Satisfaction 12
Framework 2: Process Theories of Job Satisfaction 15
Framework 3: Situational Theories of Job Satisfaction 16
Women and Higher Education 18
Job Satisfaction 20
Importance of Job Satisfaction 21
Job Satisfaction of Female Faculty Members 23
Factors in the Workplace 25
Balancing Work and Life 32
Summary 34
CHAPTER THREE 35
METHODOLOGY 35
Questions 35
Research Design 36
Population and Sample 37
Instrumentation 38
Data Collection 39
Study Variables 40
Dependent Variables 40
Independent Variables 41
Demographic Characteristics Variables 41
Institutional Characteristics Variables 41
Data Analysis 42
Descriptive Statistics 42
Validity and Reliability 43
Summary 44
CHAPTER FOUR 46
WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED? RESULTS OF THIS RESEARCH 46
Descriptive Statistics: The Sample 47
Test for Multicollinearity 50
Regression Results for Study Variables 51
Results of Hypotheses Testing 63
Summary of Findings 67
CHAPTER FIVE 68
FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS 68
Summary of the Study 68
Findings 69
Conclusions 71
Implications for Policy and Practice 73
Future Research 76
A Longitudinal Study Comparing All NSOPF Cycles 76
Qualitative Follow-Up 79
References 80
Index 93