Anti-Arab and Anti-Muslim Bias in American Newspapers. How They Reported the 2006 Israeli-Hezbollah and Israeli-Hamas Wars

Author: Tischauser, Jeffrey
Year:2010
Pages:208
ISBN:0-7734-3901-3
978-0-7734-3901-6
Price:119.95
This research compares the New York Times news coverage of the Israeli-Hezbollah War of 2006 (July War) and the Israeli-Gaza conflict of 2006 (Operation Summer Rain) with war coverage as reported by the Chicago Tribune and theWashington Times,. Using Herman and Chomsky’s (1988) Propaganda Model and Edward Said’s (1994) notion of Orientalism, this research investigates the range of permitted opinion and the representations of Arabs and Muslims in news articles.

Reviews

"While Mr.Tischauser’s specific concern is the reporting of Palestinian/Arab/Muslim issues, his paper begs another question. In an age of instant and easily accessible information can the general public trust what they see, hear or read being disseminated by the practitioners of the mass media? If a strong and persistent bias can be verified regarding one issue, can a media consumer any longer trust that any vital objectivity and context-based reporting exists elsewhere in day-to-day coverage of political, economic or social matters?" - Prof. Joseph Harrington, Triton College

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
THE WAR ON TERROR AND ISRAEL
RESEARCH PROBLEM
HAMAS’ RISE TO POWER
PALESTINIAN IDENTITY
THE CONSEQUENCES OF FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS IN THE WEST BANK AND GAZA
KEY TERMS
Media
Propaganda
Ideology
Hegemony
Elite
CHAPTER PREVIEW
2. REVIEW OF RESEARCH
REPRESENTATIONS OF ARABS AND ISLAM IN NEWS AND ENTERTAINMENT MEDIA
IDEOLOGICAL COVERAGE OF TERRORISM
THE ORIENTALIST TRADTION IN U.S. PRESS COVERAGE OF THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT
THE FIRST MEDIA RESEARCHERS
PROPAGANDA MODEL BACKGROUND
LITERATURE REVIEW OF PROPAGANDA MODEL
NEWS FILTERS: MEDIA OWNERSHIP, ADVERTISERS, AND FLAK
SOURCES: THE MOST PROVOCATIVE FILTER
3. THE METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH 102
THE THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF ORIENTALISM AND THE PROPAGANDA MODEL
METHOD OF CONTENT ANALYSIS
METHOD OF TEXTUAL ANALYSIS
SAMPLE
The Papers
Sample Period
CODING PROCESS AND INSTRUMENTS
Coding: Content analysis
Coding: Textual analysis
4. FINDINGS
CONTENT ANALYSIS FINDINGS
TEXTUAL ANALYSIS FINDINGS
Unrest in the Palestinian Territories before Operation Summer Rain
Descriptions of civilian deaths
War coverage
War Context
Actors: Hamas and Hezbollah
Third-Party Actors
5. DISCUSSION
ISRAEL AND THE DEFINITION OF AGGRESSION
TERRORISM VERSUS. COUNTERTERRORISM
THE ROOTS OF PALESTINIAN GRIEVANCES
The Separation Wall
Israeli settlements in the West Bank
Institutional Injustice and Prejudice
Attacks on Palestinian Culture
Limits of Israeli Democracy
Solutions to the Conflict
THE ROOTS OF HEZBOLLAH’S GRIEVANCES
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
INDEX