Dr. Shaul Bartal is a Military Analyst and Lecturer on Palestinian Affairs at Bar-Ilan University. He received a Ph.D. in Middle Eastern Studies at Bar-Ilan University. Dr. Bartal was a Major in the Israel Defense Force Reserves, serving extensively in the West Bank.2017 1-4955-0576-6
"Lone-wolf" attacks by terrorist organization members are not a new weapon in the terrorist arsenal in the history of the Israeli-Palestine conflict. Hamas and the PIJ have used the "lone-wolf" method during the the first intifada
, especially between the years 1990-1992 after difficult demonstrations on the Temple Mount on October 8, 1990. There are books and articles published by Hamas and PIJ that clearly define this terror method not as a "lone-wold" or "leaderless resistance" attack but as an act carried out by a member of an organization who has the support and encouragement of his organization.