Gaggin, John Books

Hemingway And Nineteenth-century Aestheticism
1988 0-7734-2000-2
Argues that Hemingway's characters can be better understood by linking their stance with the literary tradition of aestheticism which, in the century preceding Hemingway, offered theories advocating the primacy of an artistic perspective and the necessity of dissociating oneself from quotidian activity in favor of leading a contemplative life.