Wilcox, Joel Books

Origins of Epistemology in Early Greek Thought a Study of Psyche and Logos in Heraclitus
1994 0-7734-9122-8
This study contributes to scholarship in five ways. It provides a unified framework within which to view the development of Presocratic thought; it points out three aspects of Xenophanes' skepticism, and shows that (and how) Heraclitus responded to each; it summarizes key issues concerning psyche and logos, and attempts to settle certain long-standing debates concerning them; it argues that Heraclitus' concepts of psyche and logos resulted from his need to construct an epistemological theory in order to counter Xenophanean skepticism; and it make use of various traditional Greek assumptions such as the principles of "like-to-like," the analogy of microcosm and macrocosm, and the concepts of balance and measure as exemplified in the ideal of sophrosune. In doing so, it illustrates the usefulness and importance of an approach to the Presocratics which takes into account then-contemporary beliefs which may seem odd to our own time.