Ausmus, Harry J. Books

Schopenhauerian Critique of Nietzsche's Thought Toward a Restoration of Metaphysics
1996 0-7734-8891-X
This study demonstrates that what is positive in Nietzsche's thought was already more clearly expressed in Schopenhauer's philosophy, and what is questionable was already criticized. It also demonstrates the religiosity of Nietzsche's thought, which is a secularized form of certain aspects of Christian theology, which leads to an elevation of psychology over metaphysics, lending support to a trend that has dominated much of twentieth-century thought. The book calls for a diminution in the importance of psychology, and recommends that metaphysics be reestablished in its rightful position by 'starting over' with the philosophy of Schopenhauer. The first part deals with major problems in Nietzsche's thought, such as that of causation, the relationship of Church and State, morality and power, and suffering. Second, it deals with Nietzsche's proposed means to 'salvation' and demonstrates that these means are less than satisfactory. It suggest that many interpretations of Nietzsche have missed some crucial elements in the structure and implications of his thought, not the least of which was that presented by Walter Kaufmann.