Inglis, David Books

About the author: Dr. David Inglis is a Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Aberdeen. He holds degrees from the Universities of Cambridge and York. He teaches and researches in classical and modern social theory, cultural theory, and the history of culture.

Sociological History of Excretory Experience Defecatory Manners and Toiletry Technology
2001 0-7734-7539-7
This study illustrates how it was the shifting relationships between the aristocracy, bourgeoisie and working classes over several centuries which were greatly responsible for the ways in which we defecate and view human wastes today. The focus is on the historical development of these factors in Western Europe over the last several centuries: the nature of excreta; human body’s defecatory capacities; acceptable/unacceptable fashions in which defecation can be carried out; and the ways in which feces are disposed of. This final aspect includes the construction of water-based sewer systems and the development of water closets in 19th and early 20th centuries. These scientific and technological changes were intimately related to changes in the nature of social life, by antagonistic relations between classes at the economic, political and cultural levels. With illustrations.